Speech recognition as a function of the number of channels for Mid-Scala electrode array recipients

J Acoust Soc Am. 2022 Jul;152(1):67. doi: 10.1121/10.0012163.

Abstract

This study investigated the number of channels needed for maximum speech understanding and sound quality in 15 adult cochlear implant (CI) recipients with Advanced Bionics (AB) Mid-Scala electrode arrays completely within scala tympani. In experiment I, CI programs used a continuous interleaved sampling (CIS)-based strategy and 4-16 active electrodes. In experiment II, CI programs used an n-of-m strategy featuring 16 active electrodes with either 8- or 12-maxima. Speech understanding and sound quality measures were assessed. For CIS programs, participants demonstrated performance gains using up to 4-10 electrodes on speech measures and sound quality ratings. For n-of-m programs, there was no significant effect of maxima, suggesting 8-maxima is sufficient for this sample's maximum performance and sound quality. These results are largely consistent with previous studies using straight electrode arrays [e.g., Fishman, Shannon, and Slattery (1997). J. Speech Lang. Hear. Res. 40, 1201-1215; Friesen, Shannon, Baskent, and Wang (2001). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 110, 1150-1163; Shannon, Cruz, and Galvin (2011). Audiol. Neurotol. 16, 113-123; Berg, Noble, Dawant, Dwyer, Labadie, and Gifford (2020). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 147, 3646-3656] and in contrast with recent studies looking at cochlear precurved electrode arrays [e.g., Croghan, Duran, and Smith (2017). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 142, EL537-EL543; Berg, Noble, Dawant, Dwuer, Labadie, and Gifford (2019b). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 145, 1556-1564], which found continuous improvements up to 16 independent channels. These findings suggest that Mid-Scala electrode array recipients demonstrate similar channel independence to straight electrode arrays rather than other manufacturer's precurved electrode arrays.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cochlear Implantation* / methods
  • Cochlear Implants*
  • Humans
  • Scala Tympani / surgery
  • Speech
  • Speech Perception*