Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) provides a high-resolution profile of cancer genome. Our study ultimately gives the insight for genetic screening to identify the minority of patients with breast cancer with a poor prognosis, who might benefit from the most intensive possible treatment. The detection of mutations can polish the traditional method to detect high-risk patients who experience poor prognosis, recurrence and death early. In total, 147 breast cancer tumors were sequenced with targeted sequencing using a RainDance Cancer Hotspot Panel. The average age of all 147 breast cancer patients in the study was 51.7 years, with a range of 21-77 years. The average sequencing depth was 5,222x (range 2,900x-8,633x), and the coverage was approximately 100%. A total of 235 variants in 43 genes were detected in 147 patients by high-depth Illumina sequencing. A total of 219 single nucleotide variations were found in 42 genes from 147 patients, and 16 indel mutations were found in 13 genes from 84 patients. After filtering with the 1000 Genomes database and for synonymous SNPs, we focused on 54 somatic functional point mutations. The functional point mutations contained 54 missense mutations in 22 genes. Additionally, mutation of genes within the RET, PTEN, CDH1, MAP2K4, NF1, ERBB2, RUNX1, PIK3CA, FGFR3, KIT, KDR, APC, SMO, NOTCH1, and FBXW7 in breast cancer patients were with poor prognosis. Moreover, TP53 and APC mutations were enriched in triple-negative breast cancer. APC mutations were associated with a poor prognosis in human breast cancer (log-rank P<0.001). Our study identified tumor mutation hotspot profiles in Taiwanese breast cancer patients, revealing new targetable gene mutations in Asian breast cancer patients.
Keywords: breast cancer; cancer panel; next-generation sequencing; survival analysis; triple negative.
Copyright © 2022 Yang, Chao, Lung, Liu, Chang, Li and Hsu.