Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic studies of felodipine in healthy subjects after various single, oral and intravenous doses

Biopharm Drug Dispos. May-Jun 1987;8(3):235-48. doi: 10.1002/bdd.2510080305.

Abstract

The objective of this single-dose study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and haemodynamic changes in healthy male subjects following the administration of three oral (5, 15, and 40 mg) and two intravenous (1 and 3 mg) doses of felodipine, a new calcium antagonist with a selective effect on the peripheral resistance vessels. Felodipine was rapidly absorbed within 1 h when administered as an oral solution, but underwent extensive presystemic elimination. The systemic availability varied between 10 and 23 per cent. The disposition was adequately described by a two-compartment model: the disposition was essentially dose-independent up to 40 mg orally and 3 mg intravenously. Felodipine produced significant dose-dependent reduction of diastolic blood pressure and a significant reflexogenic increase in heart rate, without having any major effect on systolic blood pressure. These changes indicate that felodipine acts predominantly as an arteriodilator. The decrease in diastolic blood pressure and increase in heart rate were closely correlated with the plasma concentrations of unchanged felodipine, being maximal at 0.5 h and lasting for at least 4 h after the highest dose.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Oral
  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Felodipine
  • Half-Life
  • Heart Rate / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Injections, Intravenous
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Nitrendipine / administration & dosage
  • Nitrendipine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Nitrendipine / metabolism
  • Nitrendipine / pharmacology

Substances

  • Nitrendipine
  • Felodipine