The "kickstand rod" technique for correction of coronal malalignment: two-year clinical and radiographic outcomes

Spine Deform. 2023 Jan;11(1):153-161. doi: 10.1007/s43390-022-00564-y. Epub 2022 Aug 8.


Purpose: Restoring coronal alignment in spine deformity patients has been shown to play an important role in improving patient reported outcomes (PRO). Recently, the "kickstand rod" (KSR) technique was developed as a novel coronal correction method in complex spine deformity cases. The goal of the present study was to assess outcomes of this technique at two years of follow-up.

Methods: Consecutive, unique adult patients who underwent KSR constructs for coronal spinal malalignment between 2015 and 2019 with a minimum 2 year clinical and radiographic follow-up were identified. A KSR construct includes a more laterally placed iliac screw and additional rod that effectively depresses the ipsilateral ilium/pelvis for coronal correction, while serving as a buttress to prevent future loss of correction. Outcomes included revision for instrumentation-related complications, radiographic alignment, and PROs.

Results: Twenty patients were included with a mean age of 54 years [range: 20-73 years]. Mean follow-up time was 2.5 years [range: 2.0-5.0]. Mean number of levels fused was 17.3 [range: 10-24]. There were significant improvements in coronal alignment (CVA: 5.8 cm ± 2.6 cm vs. 1.7 cm ± 1.5 cm), sagittal alignment (SVA: 5.6 cm ± 5.9 cm vs. 1.6 cm ± 2.5 cm) and major Cobb angle (55º ± 32 vs. 26º ± 21) maintained at 2 years (p < 0.05). One patient experienced an asymptomatic fracture at the shank of the KSR iliac screw. There were significant improvements in Oswestry Disability Index and SRS-22 domains (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: The KSR technique is a safe and effective method for correcting coronal malalignment in complex spinal deformity patients with no revisions specific for the KSR or iliac screw and significantly improved PROs at a minimum two-year follow-up.

Keywords: Coronal malalignment; Kickstand rod; Scoliosis; Spine deformity; Spine surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bone Screws*
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Ilium / surgery
  • Middle Aged
  • Pelvis
  • Spine*