Refining Research and Representation of Sexual and Gender Diversity in Neuroscience

Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging. 2022 Dec;7(12):1251-1257. doi: 10.1016/j.bpsc.2022.07.007. Epub 2022 Aug 6.


There are opportunities to improve neuroscience that include lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. In this review, we briefly describe how the history of LGBT people in psychiatry has influenced neuroimaging approaches; how these attitudes have shifted over time; and what we can do to ensure that our future work is rigorous, ethical, and in service of the LGBT community. We suggest ways to refine neuroimaging methodologies to improve our understanding of marginalization and stigma while shifting away from research that focuses solely on the "etiology" or origins of LGBT identities. We also offer suggestions for conducting representative research that is LGBT-inclusive, regardless of the population of interest.

Keywords: Community-engaged participatory research; LGBT; Research ethics.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Neurosciences*