RALY regulate the proliferation and expression of immune/inflammatory response genes via alternative splicing of FOS

Genes Immun. 2022 Aug 8. doi: 10.1038/s41435-022-00178-4. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

RALY is a multifunctional RNA-binding protein involved in cancer metastasis, prognosis, and chemotherapy resistance in various cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of which is still unclear. We have established RALY overexpression cell lines and studied the effect of RALY on proliferation and apoptosis in HeLa cells. Then we used RNA-seq to analyze the transcriptomes data. Lastly, RT-qPCR experiments had performed to confirm the RNA-seq results. We found that the overexpression of RALY in HeLa cells inhibited proliferation. Moreover, the overexpression of RALY changed the gene expression profile, and the significant upregulation of genes involved immune/inflammatory response related biological process by NOD-like receptor signaling pathway cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. The significant downregulation genes involved innate immune response by the Primary immunodeficiency pathway. Notably, IFIT1, IFIT2, IFTI3, IFI44, HERC4, and OASL expression had inhibited by the overexpression of RALY. Furthermore, RALY negatively regulates the expression of transcription factors FOS and FOSB. Notably, we found that 645 alternative splicing events had regulated by overexpression of RALY, which is highly enriched in transcription regulation, RNA splicing, and cell proliferation biological process by the metabolic pathway. We show that RALY regulates the expression of immune/inflammatory response-related genes via alternative splicing of FOS in HeLa cells. The novel role of RALY in regulating immune/inflammatory gene expression may explain its function in regulating chemotherapy resistance and provides novel insights into further exploring the molecular mechanism of RALY in regulating cancer immunity and chemo/immune therapies.