The effect of osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic individuals' T cell-derived exosomes on osteoblast cells' bone remodeling related genes expression and alkaline phosphatase activity

BMC Res Notes. 2022 Aug 8;15(1):272. doi: 10.1186/s13104-022-06139-4.


Objectives: Osteoporosis is a common skeletal disorder attributed to age and is defined as a systematic degradation of bone mass and the microarchitecture leading to bone fractures. Exosomes have been reported in almost all biological fluids and during the failure of bone remodeling. 20 ml of blood samples were obtained from osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic postmenopausal women. After the isolation of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), T cells were separated via the magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) technique. Exosomes were driven from T cells of non-osteoporotic and osteoporotic volunteers. Subsequently, normal osteoblasts were treated with obtained T cell exosomes to assess osteoblastic function and gene expression.

Results: Runx2, type I collagen, osteopontin, and osteocalcin expression decreased in osteoblasts treated by osteoporotic T cell exosomes. In contrast, an increased expression of the mentioned genes was observed following non-osteoporotic T cell exosome treatment. Additionally, osteoblast alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity treated with non-osteoporotic T cell exosomes increased. However, this activity decreased in another group. Our data demonstrated that T cell exosomes obtained from osteoporotic and non-osteoporotic individuals could alter the osteoblastic function and gene expression by affecting the genes essential for bone remodeling.

Keywords: Alkaline phosphatase; Exosomes; Osteocalcin; Osteoimmunology; Osteopontin; Osteoporosis; Type I collagen.

MeSH terms

  • Alkaline Phosphatase / genetics
  • Alkaline Phosphatase / metabolism
  • Bone Remodeling / genetics
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Exosomes* / genetics
  • Exosomes* / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Leukocytes, Mononuclear / metabolism
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteocalcin / genetics
  • Osteocalcin / metabolism
  • Osteocalcin / pharmacology
  • T-Lymphocytes / metabolism


  • Osteocalcin
  • Alkaline Phosphatase