Aims: The aim was to comprehensively investigate the effects of genetic variability on the pharmacokinetics of rosuvastatin.
Methods: We conducted a genome-wide association study and candidate gene analyses of single dose rosuvastatin pharmacokinetics in a prospective study (n = 159) and a cohort of previously published studies (n = 88).
Results: In a genome-wide association meta-analysis of the prospective study and the cohort of previously published studies, the SLCO1B1 c.521 T > C (rs4149056) single nucleotide variation (SNV) associated with increased area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) and peak plasma concentration of rosuvastatin (P = 1.8 × 10-12 and P = 3.2 × 10-15 ). The candidate gene analysis suggested that the ABCG2 c.421C > A (rs2231142) SNV associates with increased rosuvastatin AUC (P = .0079), while the SLCO1B1 c.388A > G (rs2306283) and SLCO2B1 c.1457C > T (rs2306168) SNVs associate with decreased rosuvastatin AUC (P = .0041 and P = .0076). Based on SLCO1B1 genotypes, we stratified the participants into poor, decreased, normal, increased and highly increased organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) 1B1 function groups. The OATP1B1 poor function phenotype associated with 2.1-fold (90% confidence interval 1.6-2.8, P = 4.69 × 10-5 ) increased AUC of rosuvastatin, whereas the OATP1B1 highly increased function phenotype associated with a 44% (16-62%; P = .019) decreased rosuvastatin AUC. The ABCG2 c.421A/A genotype associated with 2.2-fold (1.5-3.0; P = 2.6 × 10-4 ) increased AUC of rosuvastatin. The SLCO2B1 c.1457C/T genotype associated with 28% decreased rosuvastatin AUC (11-42%; P = .01).
Conclusion: These data suggest roles for SLCO1B1, ABCG2 and SLCO2B1 in rosuvastatin pharmacokinetics. Poor SLCO1B1 or ABCG2 function genotypes may increase the risk of rosuvastatin-induced myotoxicity. Reduced doses of rosuvastatin are advisable for patients with these genotypes.
Keywords: ABCG2; SLCO1B1; SLCO2B1; pharmacogenomics; rosuvastatin.
© 2022 The Authors. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Pharmacological Society.