Purpose: To compare the evolvement of visual field (VF) defect in neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder-optic neuritis (NMOSD-ON) and idiopathic optic neuritis (IDON).
Methods: This prospective study involved 104 optic neuritis (ON) patients followed up for ≥ 6 months (33 patients with NMOSD-ON and 71 patients with IDON). The pattern and recovery pattern of VF defect, mean defect (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD) of VF, as well as BCVA at onset, 1 month (1 m), 3 months (3 m), and ≥ 6 months (6 m) after onset were compared between two groups. Analysis of these indicators in first episode patients was also done.
Results: Diffuse abnormalities and nerve fiber bundle abnormalities were the two most common patterns in both groups. The percentage of neurologic abnormality of VF defect in NMOSD-ON was higher than that of IDON. Compared with the IDON group, the MD and PSD of NMOSD-ON group were significantly worse at each follow-up. While a positive correlation in BCVA was found between 1 m and ≥ 6 m in the NMOSD-ON group only, a positive correlation was found between 1 m and ≥ 6 m in MD and PSD of both groups. A positive correlation was found between 3 m and ≥ 6 m in MD, PSD and BCVA of both groups. The quadrant recovery pattern was the most common pattern in both groups (57.1% in NMOSD-ON and 57.4% in IDON). The analysis of the first episode subgroup further confirmed the observation above.
Conclusions: The NMOSD-ON patients tended to suffer more severe VF damage, VF irregularity and worse prognosis than that of IDON patients. Diffuse abnormalities and nerve fiber bundle abnormalities were the two most common types in both groups, while neurologic abnormality more common in NMOSD-ON and central scotoma more common in IDON. The visual functions of 1 m in NMOSD-ON and 3 m in IDON were related to its prognosis.
Keywords: Idiopathic demyelinating optic neuritis; Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder related optic neuritis; Optic neuritis; Visual field.
© 2022. The Author(s).