Inter-method reliability of silicone exposome wristbands and urinary biomarker assays in a pregnancy cohort

Environ Res. 2022 Nov;214(Pt 3):113981. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.113981. Epub 2022 Aug 8.


Silicone wristbands act as passive environmental samplers capable of detecting and measuring concentrations of a variety of chemicals. They offer a noninvasive method to collect complex exposure data in large-scale epidemiological studies. We evaluated the inter-method reliability of silicone wristbands and urinary biomarkers in the New Hampshire Birth Cohort Study. A subset of study participants (n = 96) provided a urine sample and wore a silicone wristband for 7 days at approximately 12 gestational weeks. Women were instructed to wear the wristbands during all their normal activities. Concentrations of urinary compounds and metabolites in the urine and parent compounds in wristbands were compared. High detection rates were observed for triphenyl phosphate (76.0%) and benzophenone (78.1%) in wristbands, although the distribution of corresponding urinary concentrations of chemicals did not differ according to whether chemicals were detected or not detected in wristbands. While detected among only 8.3% of wristbands, median urinary triclosan concentrations were higher among those with triclosan detected in wristbands (9.04 ng/mL) than without (0.16 ng/mL). For most chemicals slight to fair agreement was observed across exposure assessment methods, potentially due to low rates of detection in the wristbands for chemicals where observed urinary concentrations were relatively low as compared to background concentrations in the general population. Our findings support the growing body of research in support of deploying silicone wristbands as an important exposure assessment tool.

Keywords: Biomarkers; Exposome; Passive monitors; Personal exposure; Pregnancy; Silicone wristbands.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers
  • Cohort Studies
  • Environmental Monitoring / methods
  • Exposome*
  • Female
  • Flame Retardants* / analysis
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Silicones / chemistry
  • Triclosan*


  • Biomarkers
  • Flame Retardants
  • Silicones
  • Triclosan