Genome-Wide Identification and Expression Analysis of nsLTP Gene Family in Rapeseed ( Brassica napus) Reveals Their Critical Roles in Biotic and Abiotic Stress Responses

Int J Mol Sci. 2022 Jul 28;23(15):8372. doi: 10.3390/ijms23158372.

Abstract

Non-specific lipid transfer proteins (nsLTPs) are small cysteine-rich basic proteins which play essential roles in plant growth, development and abiotic/biotic stress response. However, there is limited information about the nsLTP gene (BnLTP) family in rapeseed (Brassica napus). In this study, 283 BnLTP genes were identified in rapeseed, which were distributed randomly in 19 chromosomes of rapeseed. Phylogenetic analysis showed that BnLTP proteins were divided into seven groups. Exon/intron structure and MEME motifs both remained highly conserved in each BnLTP group. Segmental duplication and hybridization of rapeseed's two sub-genomes mainly contributed to the expansion of the BnLTP gene family. Various potential cis-elements that respond to plant growth, development, biotic/abiotic stresses, and phytohormone signals existed in BnLTP gene promoters. Transcriptome analysis showed that BnLTP genes were expressed in various tissues/organs with different levels and were also involved in the response to heat, drought, NaCl, cold, IAA and ABA stresses, as well as the treatment of fungal pathogens (Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Leptosphaeria maculans). The qRT-PCR assay validated the results of RNA-seq expression analysis of two top Sclerotinia-responsive BnLTP genes, BnLTP129 and BnLTP161. Moreover, batches of BnLTPs might be regulated by BnTT1 and BnbZIP67 to play roles in the development, metabolism or adaptability of the seed coat and embryo in rapeseed. This work provides an important basis for further functional study of the BnLTP genes in rapeseed quality improvement and stress resistance.

Keywords: expression analysis; genome-wide identification; nsLTP; phylogenetic analysis; rapeseed (Brassica napus).

MeSH terms

  • Brassica napus* / metabolism
  • Brassica rapa* / genetics
  • Brassica rapa* / metabolism
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Multigene Family
  • Phylogeny
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Stress, Physiological / genetics

Substances

  • Plant Proteins