Vitamin K is linked to cognitive function, but studies in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD), who are at risk for vitamin K insufficiency and cognitive impairment, are lacking. The cross-sectional association of vitamin K status biomarkers with cognitive performance was evaluated in ≥55-y-old adults with CKD (N = 714, 49% female, 44% black). A composite score of a cognitive performance test battery, calculated by averaging the z scores of the individual tests, was the primary outcome. Vitamin K status was measured using plasma phylloquinone and dephospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla protein [(dp)ucMGP]. Participants with low plasma (dp)ucMGP, reflecting higher vitamin K status, had better cognitive performance than those in the two higher (dp)ucMGP categories based on the composite outcome (P = 0.03), whereas it did not significantly differ according to plasma phylloquinone categories (P = 0.08). Neither biomarker was significantly associated with performance on individual tests (all P > 0.05). The importance of vitamin K to cognitive performance in adults with CKD remains to be clarified.
Keywords: aging; chronic kidney disease; cognition; matrix Gla protein; vitamin K.
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the American Society for Nutrition.