Purpose: Chlamydia trachomatis/Neisseria gonorrhea (CT/NG) retesting three months after diagnosis is a guideline-recommended strategy to detect re-infections. Adolescents and young adults are priority populations in the U.S. Sexually Transmitted Infections National Strategic Plan, but there is a lack of research examining CT/NG retesting among these populations. This study describes retesting following CT/NG diagnosis among adolescent and young adult patients at Title X and non-Title X clinics and measures the association of patient-level factors with CT/NG retesting.
Methods: We evaluated electronic medical records from 2014 to 2020 from an academic urban-suburban primary care network. The primary outcome was retesting, defined as a diagnostic test for CT or NG ordered 8-16 weeks after index diagnosis. Mixed effects logistic regression modeling stratified by Title X funding was conducted to evaluate the association of patient-level factors with CT/NT retesting.
Results: Overall, 23.5% (n = 731) of patients were retested within 8-16 weeks following index CT/NG diagnosis. A significantly greater proportion of Title X patients were retested compared to non-Title X patients. Males were significantly less likely to be retested compared to females, and the proportion of patients retested decreased significantly over the study period.
Discussion: Guideline-recommended retesting following CT/NG diagnosis was low in this young primary care cohort, especially among male and non-Title X clinic patients. Decreases in CT/NG retesting over the study period may be contributing to worsening of the STI epidemic. Our results provide insights into CT/NG retesting that can inform efforts to end the STI epidemic.
Keywords: Adolescence; Primary care; Retesting; Sexually transmitted infections.
Copyright © 2022 Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.