Harmonization of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension Blood Pressure/Hypertension Guidelines: Comparisons, Reflections, and Recommendations

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2022 Sep 20;80(12):1192-1201. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.07.005. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Abstract

The 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association and 2018 European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension clinical practice guidelines for management of high blood pressure/hypertension are influential documents. Both guidelines are comprehensive, were developed using rigorous processes, and underwent extensive peer review. The most notable difference between the 2 guidelines is the blood pressure cut points recommended for the diagnosis of hypertension. There are also differences in the timing and intensity of treatment, with the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association guideline recommending a somewhat more intensive approach. Overall, there is substantial concordance in the recommendations provided by the 2 guideline-writing committees, with greater congruity between them than their predecessors. Additional harmonization of future guidelines would help to underscore the commonality of their core recommendations and could serve to catalyze changes in practice that would lead to improved prevention, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, worldwide.

Keywords: antihypertensive agents; blood pressure; cardiovascular diseases; hypertension; life style; practice guideline; public health.

Publication types

  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • American Heart Association
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cardiology*
  • Humans
  • Hypertension* / diagnosis
  • Hypertension* / therapy
  • Societies, Medical
  • United States