Feasibility and safety of the da Vinci Xi surgical robot for transoral robotic surgery

J Robot Surg. 2022 Aug 16. doi: 10.1007/s11701-022-01449-y. Online ahead of print.


The collective experience supporting the safety and efficacy of transoral robotic surgery continues to grow. The surgical robot da Vinci Xi has been used successfully off-label for head and neck surgery, including transoral robotic surgery. We evaluated operative outcomes and efficacy of the da Vinci Xi surgical robot for transoral surgery and compared our experience with the da Vinci Si and published da Vinci Xi experiences in transoral surgery. Nineteen total cases were retrospectively reviewed, six with the Si and thirteen with the Xi. Our experience with the da Vinci Xi showed similar peri- and postoperative outcomes to our Si experience the available da Vinci Xi literature. We advocate for careful patient selection while also considering the surgical team's experience with TORS. Transoral robotic surgery with the da Vinci Xi has specific advantages, and support is accumulating for its use in TORS. However, this indication remains off-label, and we do not anticipate the manufacturer will seek approval for this indication given the ongoing development and regulatory approvals of da Vinci Single Port for similar indications.

Keywords: Head and neck surgery; Oral cavity cancer; Oropharyngeal cancer; Transoral robotic surgery.