Bisphenol A (BPA) is a representative example of an endocrine-disrupting chemical. It is one of the most produced chemical substances in the world, but it causes harmful effects in organisms, such that the effective degradation of BPA is critical. The white-rot fungus Phanerochaete sordida YK-624 has been shown to effectively degrade BPA under ligninolytic and non-ligninolytic conditions. However, it is still unclear what kinds of enzymes are involved in BPA degradation. To explore the mechanism of BPA degradation, the present study analysed the functional genes of P. sordida YK-624 using RNA-sequencing (RNA-Seq). Oxidation-reduction process and metabolic pathway were enriched under ligninolytic and non-ligninolytic conditions by Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis. It is suggested that BPA might be used as a carbon source by P. sordida YK-624. Lignin peroxidase and cytochrome P450 were detected in upregulated differentially expressed genes (DEGs). The lignin-degrading enzyme lignin peroxidase and the intracellular cytochrome P450 system were involved in BPA degradation by P. sordida YK-624, respectively. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was used to validate the reliability of the RNA-Seq results.
Supplementary information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-022-03298-w.
Keywords: Biodegradation; Bisphenol A; Degradation mechanism; Phanerochaete sordida YK-624; RNA-Seq; White-rot fungi.
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