Improving pre-harvest sprouting resistance in rice by editing OsABA8ox using CRISPR/Cas9

Plant Cell Rep. 2022 Oct;41(10):2107-2110. doi: 10.1007/s00299-022-02917-3. Epub 2022 Aug 17.


Knock out OsABA8ox helps improve pre-harvest spouting resistance and do not affect rice yield. Pre-harvest sprouting(PHS) is a phenomenon that the seeds of crops germinate preharvest, which reduces the yield and quality of rice. Abscisic acid(ABA) is one of the phytohormones that promotes seed dormancy. ABA8' hydroxylase is the main enzyme that can catabolism ABA in plant. There are three genes that encode ABA8' hydroxylase in rice, named OsABA8ox1, OsABA8ox2 and OsABA8ox3. In this study, we use CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing technology to target these three genes in Ningjing6 and find that the knockout transgenic lines are all significantly strengthen in seed dormancy and have no effect on the yield. By a series of quantitative experiments, we consider that after knock out OsABA8ox, the high endogenous ABA level will influence the ABA signal which suppress the substantial and energy metabolism in the seeds, and finally led to higher dormancy.

Keywords: Abscisic acid; Genome editing; Oryza sativa; Seed dormancy.

MeSH terms

  • Abscisic Acid / metabolism
  • Abscisic Acid / pharmacology
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems / genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Plant
  • Germination / genetics
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases / genetics
  • Oryza* / genetics
  • Oryza* / metabolism
  • Plant Dormancy / genetics
  • Plant Growth Regulators / metabolism
  • Plant Proteins / genetics
  • Plant Proteins / metabolism
  • Seeds / genetics
  • Seeds / metabolism


  • Plant Growth Regulators
  • Plant Proteins
  • Abscisic Acid
  • Mixed Function Oxygenases