The influence of gluteal muscle strength deficits on dynamic knee valgus: a scoping review

J Exp Orthop. 2022 Aug 17;9(1):81. doi: 10.1186/s40634-022-00513-8.


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are caused by both contact and non-contact injuries. However, it can be claimed that non-contact ones account approximately for 70% of all cases. Thus, several authors have emphasized the role of reduction of muscle strength as a modifiable risk factor referred to non-contact ACL injury, with the latter being targeted by specific training interventions.The present paper wants to review the available literature specifically on the relationship between dynamic knee valgus, gluteal muscles (GM) strength, apart from the potential correlation regarding ACL injury.After a research based on MEDLINE via PubMed, Google scholar, and Web of Science, a total of 29 articles were collected and thus included.Additionally, this review highlights the crucial role of gluteal muscles in maintaining a correct knee position in the coronal plane during different exercises, namely walking, running, jumping and landing.

Keywords: Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL); Biomechanics; Dynamic Knee Valgus; Gluteal Muscles; Knee; Muscles Strengths.

Publication types

  • Review