Background: Adipose tissue is considered to be naturally rich in a range of bioactive substances that may be extracted directly for therapeutic use without the need for cell isolation or culture.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to introduce a novel approach that utilizes stromal vascular fraction in conjunction with fat extract, termed "fat juice," and to perform a comprehensive biochemical analysis in relation to the potential clinical relevance of this new combination.
Methods: A total of 11 samples of fat juice from the abdominal lipoaspirate were extracted from 11 healthy patients and analyzed in terms of the quantity and viability of stem cells, the presence and quantification of connective tissue fibers on histopathologic examination, and the levels of interleukin-6, mannose receptor C type 1, and vascular endothelial growth factor measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.
Results: Total stem cell amounts ranged from 0.14 × 105 to 1.31 × 105, and cell viability rates varied between 20% and 67.9%. Interleukin-6 protein and vascular endothelial growth factor expressions were highest in Sample 3, while staining intensity was highest in Sample 4. For collagen I, collagen III, and elastin, the highest expressions were observed in Samples 4 and 8, in Sample 3, and in Samples 2 and 4, respectively.
Conclusions: Fat juice provides an easy-to-inject concentration of adipocyte/preadipocytes, red blood cells, adipose-derived stem cells, endothelial-derived cells, and cell residues. Prepared through an easy isolation process enabling abundant availability, fat juice seems to be an effective skin quality enhancer with potential for widespread use in the fields of plastic surgery, dermatology, and aesthetic/regenerative medicine.
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