[Influencing factors of suicidal ideation among men who have sex with men]

Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi. 2022 Aug 10;43(8):1296-1300. doi: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112338-20220311-00181.
[Article in Chinese]

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of suicidal ideation among MSM, and to explore the influence of perceived social support and depression on suicidal ideation and the possible pathway. Methods: MSM who are ≥18 years, HIV-negative, and ever had sex with men (oral sex/anal sex) in the last year participated in is study. Cross-sectional survey and convenient sampling method were used to recruit MSM through a male social interaction platform Blued 7.5 software from December 2020 to March 2021, with a questionnaire survey. Demographic questionnaire, Perceived Social Support Questionnaire and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale were employed to collect data. Mplus 8.3 was used for data analysis. Results: Among 1 394 eligible MSM participants, 25.7% (358/1 394) had suicidal ideation. Perceived social support could have a direct effect on suicidal ideation (β=-0.11, P=0.009), and an indirect effect on suicidal ideation through depression (β=-0.18, P<0.001). Conclusions: Suicidal ideation was found to be lower in MSM with a higher level of perceived social support and a lower level of depression. Using social media to improve MSM's perceived social support and reduce depressive symptoms might be an effective means to prevent suicidal ideation.

目的: 分析MSM自杀意念现状,并进一步探究领悟社会支持和抑郁对自杀意念的影响及其可能路径。 方法: 研究对象为≥18岁且HIV检测结果阴性的MSM,最近1年发生男男性行为(口交/肛交)。采用横断面调查和便利抽样方法,2020年12月至2021年3月通过男性社交平台Blued 7.5软件招募MSM并开展问卷调查,问卷包括一般资料问卷、简版领悟社会支持问卷、简版流调中心抑郁量表。采用Mplus 8.3软件进行统计学分析。采用结构方程模型进行MSM自杀意念的影响因素分析。 结果: MSM研究对象1 394人中,有自杀意念的MSM占25.7%(358/1 394),领悟社会支持可对自杀意念产生直接影响(β=-0.11,P=0.009),也可通过抑郁对自杀意念产生间接影响(β=-0.18,P<0.001)。 结论: 领悟社会支持水平越高、抑郁水平越低的MSM的自杀意念越低,通过网络社交媒体提高MSM领悟社会支持、降低其抑郁,可能是预防其产生自杀意念的手段之一。.

MeSH terms

  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression / epidemiology
  • Homosexuality, Male
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sexual Behavior
  • Sexual and Gender Minorities*
  • Social Support
  • Suicidal Ideation*