Current pharmacotherapeutic strategies for Strongyloidiasis and the complications in its treatment

Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2022 Oct;23(14):1617-1628. doi: 10.1080/14656566.2022.2114829. Epub 2022 Aug 24.


Introduction: Strongyloidiasis, an infection caused by the soil-transmitted helminth Strongyloides stercoralis, can lead immunocompromised people to a life-threatening syndrome. We highlight here current and emerging pharmacotherapeutic strategies for strongyloidiasis and discuss treatment protocols according to patient cohort. We searched PubMed and Embase for papers published on this topic between 1990 and May 2022.

Areas covered: Ivermectin is the first-line drug, with an estimated efficacy of about 86% and excellent tolerability. Albendazole has a lower efficacy, with usage advised when ivermectin is not available or not recommended. Moxidectin might be a valid alternative to ivermectin, with the advantage of being a dose-independent formulation.

Expert opinion: The standard dose of ivermectin is 200 µg/kg single dose orally, but multiple doses might be needed in immunosuppressed patients. In the case of hyperinfection, repeated doses are recommended up to 2 weeks after clearance of larvae from biological fluids, with close monitoring and further dosing based on review. Subcutaneous ivermectin is used where there is impaired intestinal absorption/paralytic ileus. In pregnant or lactating women, studies have not identified increased risk with ivermectin use. However, with limited available data, a risk-benefit assessment should be considered for each case.

Keywords: Strongyloides; albendazole; drug; ivermectin; moxidectin; review; strongyloidiasis; treatment.

MeSH terms

  • Albendazole / adverse effects
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ivermectin / adverse effects
  • Lactation
  • Soil
  • Strongyloidiasis* / chemically induced
  • Strongyloidiasis* / complications
  • Strongyloidiasis* / drug therapy


  • Ivermectin
  • Albendazole
  • Soil