Should We Hesitate to Perform Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy for Pheochromacytomas Larger Than 5 cm in Diameter with No Pre-Operative Suspicious Criteria for Malignancy?

Sisli Etfal Hastan Tip Bul. 2022 Jun 28;56(2):244-249. doi: 10.14744/SEMB.2021.81598. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Objectives: We aimed to compare the outcomes of patients who underwent laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA) for pheochromacytoma (PHE) ≥5 cm versus <5 cm in diameter.

Methods: Demographic variables, tumor characteristics, perioperative, and post-operative outcomes were evaluated retrospectively and compared between groups.

Results: Between February 2008 and August 2020, 54 patients (27 female and 27 male) enrolled to the study and divided into two groups according to the tumor size as group L ≥5 cm (28 patients) and group S as <5 cm (26 patients). Groups compared in the aspect of American Society of Anesthesiologists scores, body mass index, tumor locations, ratio of elder (≥60-years-old) patients, and gender ratio were similar between groups S and L (p=0.572, p=0.516, p=0.6, p=0.331, and p=0.207, respectively). Mean duration of surgery (p=0.266), mean estimated blood loss (p=0.587), and mean length of hospital stay (p=0.374) were similar between groups. Difference between maximum and pre-operative systolic pressure and the difference between maximum and pre-operative diastolic pressure were similar between S and L groups (p=0.852 and p=0.526, respectively). Patients whose systolic blood pressure >160 mmHg, systolic blood pressure >30% of baseline, and heart rate >110 (p=0.307, p=0.609, and p=0.296) were similar. Diastolic blood pressure <30%, there is a difference between groups in favor of group L, but not statistically different (p=0.077).

Conclusion: It is necessary to work in coordination with endocrinologists and anesthesiologists and LA for PHE should be performed in experienced medical centers regardless of tumor size with multidisciplinary approach.

Keywords: Adrenal mass; laparoscopic adrenalectomy; pheochromacytoma.