Analysis on COVID-19 Infection Spread Rate during Relief Schemes Using Graph Theory and Deep Learning

Comput Math Methods Med. 2022 Aug 12;2022:8131193. doi: 10.1155/2022/8131193. eCollection 2022.


The novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) disease is a pandemic which affects thousands of people throughout the world. It has rapidly spread throughout India since the first case in India was reported on 30 January 2020. The official report says that totally 4, 11,773 cases are positive, 2, 28,307 recovered, and the country reported 12,948 deaths as of 21 June 2020. Vaccination is the only way to prevent the spreading of COVID-19 disease. Due to various reasons, there is vaccine hesitancy across many people. Hence, the Indian government has the solution to avoid the spread of the disease by instructing their citizens to maintain social distancing, wearing masks, avoiding crowds, and cleaning your hands. Moreover, lots of poverty cases are reported due to social distancing, and hence, both the center government and the respective state governments decide to issue relief funds to all its citizens. The government is unable to maintain social distancing during the relief schemes as the population is huge and available support staffs are less. In this paper, the proposed algorithm makes use of graph theory to schedule the timing of the relief funds so that with the available support staff, the government would able to implement its relief scheme while maintaining social distancing. Furthermore, we have used LSTM deep learning model to predict the spread rate and analyze the daily positive COVID cases.

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / epidemiology
  • COVID-19* / prevention & control
  • Deep Learning*
  • Humans
  • Masks
  • Pandemics / prevention & control
  • SARS-CoV-2