Background and aims: BFKB8488A is a bispecific antibody targeting fibroblast growth factor receptor 1c and Klothoβ. This phase 1b study assessed safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, immunogenicity, and pharmacodynamics of BFKB8488A in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) or NAFLD.
Approach and results: Patients were randomized to receive multiple doses of BFKB8488A at various dose levels and dosing intervals (weekly, every 2 weeks, or every 4 weeks) or placebo for 12 weeks. The primary outcome was the safety of BFKB8488A. Overall, 153 patients (T2DM: 91; NAFLD: 62) were enrolled and received at least one dose of treatment. Of these, 102 patients (62.7%) reported at least one adverse event (BFKB8488A: 83 [68.6%]; placebo: 19 [59.4%]). BFKB8488A exhibited nonlinear pharmacokinetics, with greater than dose-proportional increases in exposure. The treatment-emergent antidrug antibody incidence was 22.7%. Overall, trends in exposure-dependent increases in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and decreases in triglyceride levels were observed. Decreases in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase were 0.7% and 9.2% for medium exposure and 7.3% and 11.2% for high-exposure tertiles, compared with increases of 7.5% and 17% in the placebo group, respectively, at Day 85. In patients with NAFLD, the mean decrease from baseline liver fat was 13.0%, 34.5%, and 49.0% in the low-, medium-, and high-exposure tertiles, respectively, compared with 0.1% with placebo at Day 85.
Conclusions: BFKB8488A was adequately tolerated in patients with T2DM or NAFLD, leading to triglyceride reduction, HDL improvements, and trends in improvement in markers of liver health for both populations and marked liver fat reduction in patients with NAFLD. (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT03060538).
© 2022 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.