Usage of mobile health interventions among overweight/obese PCOS patients undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic

Gynecol Endocrinol. 2022 Sep;38(9):776-780. doi: 10.1080/09513590.2022.2112170. Epub 2022 Aug 21.

Abstract

Objective: In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, telemedicine is a promising tool for providing clinical care for patients. Since the first-line treatment for infertile women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is lifestyle modification, a mobile-based service that provides lifestyle modification education would be helpful in the treatment of PCOS patients. In this observational study, the effect of a mobile Health (mHealth) application for lifestyle modification on PCOS patients undergoing assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment was evaluated.Methods: A total of 79 overweight/obese patients (40 in the paper group and 39 in the WeChat application group) with PCOS from the First Affiliated Hospital of University of Science and Technology of China were enrolled in the study. The changes in the outcomes of BMI and ART treatment were analyzed between the two groups.Results: After three months of intervention, the BMIs in the control and mHealth groups were 24.5 ± 3.3 and 23.7 ± 3.1, respectively. The percentage of patients who lost weight was higher in the WeChat group than in the control group (87.2% vs. 67.5%). Furthermore, PCOS patients in the WeChat group were found to have a higher live birth rate than those in the control group (p = 0.005).Conclusion: Lifestyle modifications for PCOS patients undergoing ART treatment using the WeChat application improved weight loss and oocyte quality. Infertile patients with PCOS were more likely to make lifestyle modifications based on the usage of mobile applications during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keywords: COVID-19; Polycystic ovary syndrome; assisted reproductive technology; lifestyle modification; mobile application; 多囊卵巢综合征; 新型冠状病毒肺炎; 生活方式调整; 移动应用程序; 辅助生殖技术.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • COVID-19* / therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female* / therapy
  • Obesity / complications
  • Obesity / therapy
  • Overweight / complications
  • Overweight / therapy
  • Pandemics
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / complications
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome* / therapy
  • Reproductive Techniques, Assisted
  • Telemedicine*