Sutimlimab improves quality of life in patients with cold agglutinin disease: results of patient-reported outcomes from the CARDINAL study

Ann Hematol. 2022 Oct;101(10):2169-2177. doi: 10.1007/s00277-022-04948-y. Epub 2022 Aug 23.


Patients with cold agglutinin disease (CAD) experience fatigue and poor quality of life. However, previous CAD-related studies have not explored patient-reported outcomes such as the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy (FACIT)-Fatigue. Sutimlimab, a C1s complement inhibitor, has been shown to halt haemolysis in CAD. Here, we present 26-weeks' patient-reported data from CARDINAL Part A (, NCT03347396), which assessed efficacy and safety of sutimlimab in patients with CAD and recent history of transfusion. Aside from measuring changes in haemolytic markers, FACIT-Fatigue was measured at the treatment assessment timepoint (TAT; average of weeks 23, 25, and 26). Exploratory endpoints included the change in EuroQol 5-dimension 5-level questionnaire (EQ-5D-5L) and the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12) at TAT, and Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC), and Patient Global Impression of (fatigue) Severity (PGIS) at week 26. Mean (range) FACIT-Fatigue scores increased from 32.5 (14.0-47.0) at baseline (a score indicative of severe fatigue) to 44.3 (28.0-51.0) at TAT. Considerable improvements were reported for EQ-5D-5L at TAT, SF-12 scores at TAT, and PGIC and PGIS scores at week 26. Sutimlimab treatment resulted in sustained improvements in symptoms of fatigue and overall quality of life in patients with CAD. NCT03347396. Registered 20 November, 2017.

Keywords: Cold agglutinin disease; Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue; Patient-reported outcome; Quality of life; Sutimlimab.

MeSH terms

  • Anemia, Hemolytic, Autoimmune* / drug therapy
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • Fatigue / etiology
  • Humans
  • Patient Reported Outcome Measures
  • Quality of Life*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized
  • sutimlimab

Associated data