Identification of genetic variants related to metabolic syndrome by next-generation sequencing

Diabetol Metab Syndr. 2022 Aug 23;14(1):119. doi: 10.1186/s13098-022-00893-y.


Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of conditions associated with glucose intolerance, hypertension, abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, and insulin resistance that increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Since MetS is known as a complex symptom with a high incidence of genetic factors, it is important to identify genetic variants for each clinical characteristic of MetS.

Methods: We performed targeted next-generation sequencing (NGS) to identify genetic variants related to obesity, blood glucose, triacylglycerol (TG), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol level, and hypertension in 48 subjects with MetS and in 48 healthy subjects.

Results: NGS analysis revealed that 26 of 48 subjects (54.2%) with MetS had putative non-synonymous variants related to the clinical features of MetS. Of the subjects with MetS, 8 (16.7%) had variants in 4 genes (COL6A2, FTO, SPARC, and MTHFR) related to central obesity, 17 (35.4%) had variants in 6 genes (APOB, SLC2A2, LPA, ABCG5, ABCG8, and GCKR) related to hyperglycemia, 3 (6.3%) had variants in 4 genes (APOA1, APOC2, APOA4, and LMF1) related to hypertriglyceridemia, 8 (16.7%) had variants in 4 genes (ABCA1, CETP, SCARB1, and LDLR) related to low HDL-cholesterolemia, and 5 (10.4%) had variants in ADD1 related to hypertension.

Conclusions: Our findings may contribute to broadening the genetic spectrum of risk variants related to the development of MetS.

Keywords: Clinical features; Genetic variants; Metabolic syndrome; Next-generation sequencing.