Suncus murinus: a new experimental model in emesis research

Life Sci. 1987 Jul 27;41(4):513-8. doi: 10.1016/0024-3205(87)90229-3.


Effects of various emetic and antiemetic drugs were studied using Suncus murinus for its potential use as an experimental model in emetic research. Subcutaneous injection of nicotine bitartrate (10-15 mg/kg), veratrine sulfate (0.5-1.0 mg/kg), emetine dihydrochloride (40-80 mg/kg) and oral administration of copper sulfate (20-100 mg/kg) caused dose-dependent emesis in suncus. The ED50 of nicotine, veratrine, emetine and copper sulfate were 7.9, 0.4, 47.6 and 21.4 mg/kg, respectively. However, subcutaneously injected apomorphine hydrochloride (0.1-100 mg/kg), digitoxin (0.5-1.0 mg/kg) and orally administered emetine dihydrochloride (10-80 mg/kg) did not induce the vomiting. Chlorpromazine and promethazine decreased the emetic effect of nicotine, veratrine and copper sulfate, but scopolamine hydrobromide was not effective. These results indicate that the Suncus murinus is sensitive to various emetic and antiemetic drugs and can be used as a new experimental animal model for the emesis. Emetic behavior of suncus was discussed in comparison with other animals.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antiemetics / pharmacology*
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Emetics / pharmacology*
  • Eulipotyphla / physiology*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Vomiting


  • Antiemetics
  • Emetics