Study protocol for assessing knowledge, attitudes and belief towards HPV vaccination of parents with children aged 9-14 years in rural communities of North West Cameroon: a qualitative study

BMJ Open. 2022 Aug 24;12(8):e062556. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-062556.


Introduction: Despite human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine being incorporated in the National Immunisation Programme in Cameroon in 2019, HPV vaccine uptake among eligible girls has been poor (5%). The barriers to HPV vaccination in this high-burden setting have not been previously studied, especially in rural areas. We propose to evaluate the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of parents of girls aged 9-14 years regarding HPV vaccine.

Methods and analysis: Study design: a qualitative descriptive study will be conducted using one-on-one semi-structured interviews with parents of girls aged 9-14 years from 3 health districts in Cameroon (Mbingo, Njinikom and Fundong) who can converse in English or Pidgin English. Enrolment will occur until thematic saturation-approximately 40 participants. Analysis: quantitative methods will be used to describe the interviewees. All interviews will be audio recorded, transcribed and loaded into a tool to facilitate analysis (ATLAS.ti). Transcripts will be coded and thematic analysis will be conducted. Analysis will occur concurrent with interviews.

Ethics and dissemination: Ethics: institutional review board approval will be obtained from the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Board (CBCHB), Cameroon and McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada. Dissemination: study findings will be presented via a report and webinar to the Ministry of Health, the funders, the CBCHB and in person to healthcare providers and interested members of the general population in the study region. Plans are to share findings internationally through peer-reviewed publication(s) and presentation(s).

Trial registration number: NCT05325138.

Keywords: infectious diseases; public health.

Publication types

  • Clinical Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Cameroon
  • Child
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Papillomavirus Infections* / prevention & control
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines*
  • Parents
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care
  • Qualitative Research
  • Rural Population
  • Vaccination


  • Papillomavirus Vaccines

Associated data