For 18 years (1969-1986) a casualty station has been operating during all Saturday interschool Rugby matches at a private school. Since its inception, both the diagnosis and the early management have been documented for every injury that presented to this station. Over this period, 1444 boys have been seen, of whom 116 sustained injuries that were classified as being severe; of these, only two injuries--a skull fracture and a fracture--dislocation of the cervical spine--were regarded as clinically serious. Over all, the injury rate was 176/10 000 player-hours, or 1.56/100 player-games; the rate of severe injury was 14/10 000 player-hours, or 0.12/100 player-games. Injury rates were highest in older boys and in those who were in the most advanced grades of play. Fullbacks experienced the most injuries; otherwise, little variation occurred in injury rates by player position. No consistent trend in injury rates was observed over the period of the study.