Characteristics of a PVDF-Tin Dioxide Membrane Assisted by Electric Field Treatment

Membranes (Basel). 2022 Aug 10;12(8):772. doi: 10.3390/membranes12080772.

Abstract

Polymeric membranes have good properties for filtering water. In this paper, a membrane made from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) polymer with 15 wt%, 17.5 wt%, and 20 wt% polymer content, with the addition of 1 wt% of tin dioxide with electric field treatment, is presented. The electric field used was DC 15,000 V. The membrane was tested to determine its characteristics and properties. The physical properties were examined with a scanning electron microscope, and the mechanical properties of the membrane were tested by tensile testing. The maximum tensile stress was obtained at 0.746 MPa, and the minimum tensile stress was obtained at 0.487 MPa. Microscopic examination of the membrane's surface identified the shape, the structure of the fibers formed, and the amount of agglomeration. The flow rate, membrane flux, and normalized water permeability (NWP) were tested, using the water treatment performance test to measure the membrane's filtering ability.

Keywords: electric field; membranes; polyvinylidene fluoride; testing; tin dioxide.

Grants and funding

This research was funded by DIPA BLU Sriwijaya University, Number DIPA-. 023.17.2.677515/2021.