Coarse-Graining of Imaginary Time Feynman Path Integrals: Inclusion of Intramolecular Interactions and Bottom-up Force-Matching

J Phys Chem A. 2022 Sep 8;126(35):6004-6019. doi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.2c04349. Epub 2022 Aug 25.

Abstract

Feynman's imaginary time path integral formalism of quantum statistical mechanics and the corresponding quantum-classical isomorphism provide a tangible way of incorporating nuclear quantum effect (NQE) in the simulation of condensed matter systems using well-developed classical simulation techniques. Our previous work has presented the many-body coarse-graining of path integral (CG-PI) theory that builds an isomorphism between the quantum partition function of N distinguishable particles and the classical partition function of 2N pseudoparticles. In this present work, we develop a generalized version of the many-body CG-PI theory that incorporates many-body interactions in the force field. Based on the new derivation, we provide a numerical CG-PI (n-CG-PI) modeling strategy parametrized from the underlying path integral molecular dynamics (PIMD) trajectories using force matching and Boltzmann inversion. The n-CG-PI models for two liquid systems are shown to capture well both the intramolecular and intermolecular structural correlations of the reference PIMD simulations. The generalized derivation of the many-body CG-PI theory and the n-CG-PI model presented in this work extend the scope of the CG-PI formalism by generalizing the previously limited theory to incorporate force fields of realistic molecular systems.

MeSH terms

  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*