SWIPT-Pairing Mechanism for Channel-Aware Cooperative H-NOMA in 6G Terahertz Communications

Sensors (Basel). 2022 Aug 18;22(16):6200. doi: 10.3390/s22166200.


The constraints of 5G communication systems compel further improvements to be compatible with 6G candidate technologies, especially to cope with the limited wavelengths of blockage-sensitive terahertz (THz) frequencies. In this paper integrating cooperative simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT) and hybrid-non-orthogonal multiple access (H-NOMA) using THz frequency bands are suggested. We investigated and developed an optimal SWIPT-pairing mechanism for the multilateral proposed system that represents a considerable enhancement in energy/spectral efficiencies while improving the significant system specifications. Given the system performance investigation and the gains achieved, in this paper, wireless communication systems were optimized and upgraded, making use of promising technologies including H-NOMA and THz communications. This process aimed to alleviate the THz transmission challenges and improve wireless connectivity, resource availability, processing, robustness, capacity, user-fairness, and overall performance of communication networks. It thoroughly optimized the best H-NOMA pairing scheme for cell users. The conducted results showed how the proposed technique managed to improve energy and spectral efficiencies compared to the related work by more than 75%, in addition to the dynamism of the introduced mechanism. This system reduces the transceivers' hardware and computational complexity while improving reliability and transmission rates, without the need for complex technologies, e.g., multi-input multi-output or reflecting services.

Keywords: 6G wireless communications; H-NOMA; SWIPT-pairing; THz; cooperative networking; energy harvesting; energy/spectral efficiencies; outage probability.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Noma*
  • Reproducibility of Results

Grant support

This research received no external funding.