The predictive role of psychological toughness and adaptability on the actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children

Afr Health Sci. 2022 Mar;22(1):611-618. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v22i1.71.

Abstract

Background and aim: Handicapped children cause psychological problems for mothers. As mothers' actual well-being is so important in the family and society, the aim of this research was to predict the role of psychological toughness and adaptability on the actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children.

Materials and methods: The research was descriptive correlational study with volunteer mothers of handicapped children (n=150). Data collection tools were: Ahwaz Kiamarsi et al. (1998) psychological toughness questionnaire, Connor and Davidson adaptability scale (2003), Lyubomerisky and Leper actual well-being scale (1999) and Diener life satisfaction scale (2009). Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data using SPSS 21 version.

Results: The results showed that psychological toughness and its components (commitment, control, struggle) have a significant positive relationship with the actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children and its dimensions (actual well-being and life satisfaction) and is able to predict their well-being.

Discussion: Therefore, it can be said that by promoting adaptability, mothers with handicapped children can resist and overcome stressors as well as factors that cause many psychological problems. By reducing psycho-emotional problems in mothers, mental well-being and life satisfaction are improved.

Conclusion: The actual well-being of mothers with handicapped children can be predicted by their psychological toughness and adaptability.

Keywords: Psychological toughness; actual well-being; adaptability; handicapped children.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Disabled Children*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Mothers*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires