Anxiety and depression levels of healthcare workers during Covid-19 pandemic

Afr Health Sci. 2022 Mar;22(1):532-540. doi: 10.4314/ahs.v22i1.62.


Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19), which causes a pandemic in the world, has started to appear in turkey since march 2020. Healthcare workers are at the top of the groups most at risk for covid-19 infection, which can have a negative impact on psychological state.

Objectives: It was aimed to evaluate anxiety and depression levels among healthcare workers.

Methods: this cross-sectional study performed via an online survey in april 2020. Participants answered questions about sociodemographic features, personal views and experiences about covid-19 and the hospital anxiety and depression scale (hads).

Results: A total of 300 healthcare workers,193 men and 107 women, participated in the survey. According to hads, 44.6% of participants scored above anxiety and 68.2% scored above depression cut-off points. Being younger than 50 and taking care of covid-19 patients in hospitals were independently associated with anxiety risk. Female gender, young age (less than 50) and having comorbidity were independent risk factors for depression.

Conclusion: Healthcare workers were at high risk of anxiety and depression during covid-19 outbreak. For this reason, psychological support should be given, especially to the group with high risk.

Keywords: Healthcare workers; anxiety; covid-19; depression.

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety
  • COVID-19*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression
  • Female
  • Health Personnel
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pandemics
  • SARS-CoV-2