Intergrader agreement of foveal cone topography measured using adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy

Biomed Opt Express. 2022 Aug 1;13(8):4445-4454. doi: 10.1364/BOE.460821.


The foveal cone mosaic can be directly visualized using adaptive optics scanning light ophthalmoscopy (AOSLO). Previous studies in individuals with normal vision report wide variability in the topography of the foveal cone mosaic, especially the value of peak cone density (PCD). While these studies often involve a human grader, there have been no studies examining intergrader reproducibility of foveal cone mosaic metrics. Here we re-analyzed published AOSLO foveal cone images from 44 individuals to assess the relationship between the cone density centroid (CDC) location and the location of PCD. Across 5 graders with variable experience, we found a measurement error of 11.7% in PCD estimates and higher intergrader reproducibility of CDC location compared to PCD location (p < 0.0001). These estimates of measurement error can be used in future studies of the foveal cone mosaic, and our results support use of the CDC location as a more reproducible anchor for cross-modality analyses.