Background: Gastric signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) has shown a growth growing trend worldwide, but its clinicopathological features and prognostic-related risk factors have not been systematically studied. This systematic review was devoted to this.
Method: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases were retrieved, and retrospective cohort studies comparing clinicopathological features and related risk factors in SRCC patients were included.
Results: In SRCC patient population, males were more than females (male, OR = 1.38, 95% CI: 1.20-1.60); N3 patients were more than N0-2 patients (N0-2, OR = 3.19, 95% CI: 1.98-5.15); M1 patients were more than M0 patients (M0, OR = 3.30, 95% CI: 1.88-5.80); patients with tumor > 5 cm were more than those with tumor (≤5 cm, OR = 7.36, 95% CI: 1.33-40.60). Patients with age < 60 years (age ≥ 60 years, OR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01-1.05), lymphatic vessel invasion (no, OR = 1.74, 95% CI: 1.03-2.45), T2 (T1, OR = 1.17, 95% CI: 1.07-1.28) and T4 (T1, OR = 2.55, 95% CI: 2.30-2.81) stages, and N1 (N0, OR = 1.73, 95% CI: 1.08-2.38), N2 (N0, OR = 2.24, 95% CI: 1.12-3.36), and N3 (N0, OR = 3.45, 95% CI: 1.58-5.32) stages had higher hazard ratio (HR).
Conclusion: SRCC may occur frequently in male. Age, lymphatic vessel invasion, TN, and M stage may be risk factors for poor prognoses of SRCC patients.
Copyright © 2022 Ying Guo et al.