Simulation Based vs Conventional Training for Initial Steps in Delivery Room Care of Preterm Neonates: An Open Label Randomized Trial

Indian Pediatr. 2022 Nov 15;59(11):847-851. Epub 2022 Aug 26.


Objective: To assess whether simulation based education (SBE) improves the practices and knowledge of junior residents for stabilization of a preterm neonate in delivery room as compared to conventional education (CE).

Methods: This trial randomized 24 pediatric residents to either SBE (n=12) or CE (n=12) groups. One-time SBE was imparted to the SBE group. Both the groups had similar facilitator participant ratio and equally timed sessions. The individual skills scores and performance by preterm stabilization performance evaluation (PSPE) score in real time were recorded using a validated tool within 8 weeks of the training. Knowledge gain was evaluated using pre and post-test scores.

Results: The mean (SD) skill and PSPE scores were comparable between the two groups (skill score 51.1 (8.1), 46.5 (7.8), respectively mean difference 4.6; 95% CI -2.1 to 11.3; PSPE-score 80.2 (14.2) vs. 82.9 (10.3); mean difference -2.68; 95% CI -8.35 to 13.71). The mean (SD) knowledge gain was similar in the groups [4.4 (1.9), 5.3 (4.1); mean difference 0.91; 95% CI, -1.81 to 3.64.

Conclusion: In junior residents, a one-time SBE session, when compared to conventional task training, did not lead to improvement in the performance of the initial steps of neonatal resuscitation.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Simulation
  • Delivery Rooms
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Internship and Residency*
  • Pregnancy
  • Resuscitation / education