Chronic asthma and rhinitis due to Candida albicans, epidermophyton, and trichophyton

Ann Allergy. 1987 Jul;59(1):48-51.


Asthma and rhinitis due to Candida albicans is well known. Trichophyton and Epidermophyton are not usually considered as causal agents for these diseases. During the years 1982 and 1983 all of the cases of chronic asthma or rhinitis exhibiting a positive immediate skin response (greater than or equal to 10 mm) to one of these three antigens were selected for this study (60 asthma and 75 rhinitis). They all went through nasal and bronchial provocation tests with the specific antigen. Late reactions were also registered. A RAST was performed in some of the patients reacting to Candida albicans. Following inhalation challenge with antigens, an immediate response was obtained in 91 cases (asthma 30, rhinitis 51). A dual response was observed in 17 cases of asthma and in 13 cases of rhinitis. A RAST-Candida albicans was done in 64 cases. Results were positive in 52 patients. In 46 cases there was a correlation between the RAST and the provocation tests. Hyposensitization treatment was given to 92 patients. After 2 years of treatment, a good to excellent response could be observed in almost 60% of the treated cases. A rough estimation of the incidence of immediate bronchial and nasal hypersensitivity among patients with chronic asthma and rhinitis to the three yeasts gives the approximate figure of 8% to 10%.

MeSH terms

  • Asthma / etiology*
  • Bronchial Provocation Tests
  • Candidiasis*
  • Digestive System / microbiology
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy
  • Nasal Provocation Tests
  • Radioallergosorbent Test
  • Rhinitis / etiology*
  • Tinea*