Background and aims: The recommended treatment duration of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1a (GT1a) infection with elbasvir/grazoprevir (EBR/GZR) in the presence of a high baseline viral load and resistance associated substitutions (RAS) is 16 weeks with ribavirin added. The objective of this study was to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of 12 weeks of EBR/GZR without ribavirin and regardless of baseline viral load and RAS testing.
Method: This retrospective, observational cohort study was performed at five Norwegian hospitals that did not systematically utilize RAS testing. All adult patients with chronic HCV GT1a and compensated liver disease who had received 12 weeks of EBR/GZR without ribavirin and baseline RAS testing, were included. The primary endpoint was sustained virologic response at week 12 (SVR12), or if not available, at week 4 (SVR4).
Results: We included 433 patients and attained SVR data on 388. The mean age was 45.7 years (22-73 years). 67.2% were male. HIV co-infection was present in 3.8% (16/424) and cirrhosis in 4% (17/424). The viral load was >800 000 IU/mL in 55.0% (235/427) of patients. Overall SVR was achieved in 97.2% (377/388). SVR was achieved in 98.3% (169/172) of those with viral load ≤800 000 IU/mL and in 96.2% (202/210) of those with viral load >800 000 IU/mL.
Conclusion: We observed high SVR rates among patients with HCV GT1a infection treated with EBR/GZR for 12 weeks without ribavirin, with no regard to baseline viral load and no RAS testing.
Keywords: HCV genotype 1a; NS5A RAS; direct-acting antiviral agents; elbasvir; grazoprevir.