Background: South Asians are at high risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Lifestyle modification is effective at preventing T2D amongst South Asians, but the approaches to screening and intervention are limited by high costs, poor scalability and thus low impact on T2D burden. An intensive family-based lifestyle modification programme for the prevention of T2D was developed. The aim of the iHealth-T2D trial is to compare the effectiveness of this programme with usual care.
Methods: The iHealth-T2D trial is designed as a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) conducted at 120 sites across India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and the UK. A total of 3682 South Asian men and women with age between 40 and 70 years without T2D but at elevated risk for T2D [defined by central obesity (waist circumference ≥ 95 cm in Sri Lanka or ≥ 100 cm in India, Pakistan and the UK) and/or prediabetes (HbA1c ≥ 6.0%)] were included in the trial. Here, we describe in detail the statistical analysis plan (SAP), which was finalised before outcomes were available to the investigators. The primary outcome will be evaluated after 3 years of follow-up after enrolment to the study and is defined as T2D incidence in the intervention arm compared to usual care. Secondary outcomes are evaluated both after 1 and 3 years of follow-up and include biochemical measurements, anthropometric measurements, behavioural components and treatment compliance.
Discussion: The iHealth-T2D trial will provide evidence of whether an intensive family-based lifestyle modification programme for South Asians who are at high risk for T2D is effective in the prevention of T2D. The data from the trial will be analysed according to this pre-specified SAP.
Ethics and dissemination: The trial was approved by the international review board of each participating study site. Study findings will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and in conference presentations.
Trial registration: EudraCT 2016-001,350-18 . Registered on 14 April 2016.
Clinicaltrials: gov NCT02949739 . Registered on 31 October 2016.
Keywords: Lifestyle intervention; South Asian; Type 2 diabetes.
© 2022. The Author(s).