The effect of monochromatic, combined, and mixed light-emitting diode light regimes on growth traits, fear responses, and slaughter-carcass characteristics in broiler chickens

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2022 Sep 7;54(5):277. doi: 10.1007/s11250-022-03281-w.


This study aims to determine the effects of blue and green monochromatic, blue-green combination, and blue-green mixed led lighting systems on growth, fear, and carcass characteristics of broilers reared in an extensive indoor system. Experimental groups were formed as follows; 1-conventional (incandescent), 2-blue, 3-green, 4-blue-green combined (blue for the first 10 days, then green), 5-green-blue combined (green for the first 10 days, then blue), and 6-blue-green intermittent (alternating every 5 min) monochromatic lightings. It was detected that the average values of the body weight of chickens at 42 and 56 days of age in the green-blue group were higher than those of the other treatment groups (both P < 0.05). It was determined that the broilers in the green and green-blue groups had higher means of the β0 parameter of Gompertz model. The tonic immobility, emergence test, home cage avoidance test, a looming human test, and box plus experimenter test were applied to determine the fear responses. It was determined that the worst results for fear responses of broilers were in the intermittent lighting group and green-blue combined group. As a result, it was determined that the application of green monochromatic lighting in the first 10 days of the fattening period and blue monochromatic lighting in the following period positively affected growth and slaughter-carcass characteristics. However, it was found that broilers reared under green-blue combined lighting had high fear levels.

Keywords: Fear; Lighting; Monochromatic; Poultry behavior; Tonic immobility.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Body Weight
  • Chickens*
  • Fear
  • Humans
  • Light*
  • Lighting