Identifying clinically applicable machine learning algorithms for glioma segmentation: recent advances and discoveries

Neurooncol Adv. 2022 Jun 14;4(1):vdac093. doi: 10.1093/noajnl/vdac093. eCollection 2022 Jan-Dec.


Background: While there are innumerable machine learning (ML) research algorithms used for segmentation of gliomas, there is yet to be a US FDA cleared product. The aim of this study is to explore the systemic limitations of research algorithms that have prevented translation from concept to product by a review of the current research literature.

Methods: We performed a systematic literature review on 4 databases. Of 11 727 articles, 58 articles met the inclusion criteria and were used for data extraction and screening using TRIPOD.

Results: We found that while many articles were published on ML-based glioma segmentation and report high accuracy results, there were substantial limitations in the methods and results portions of the papers that result in difficulty reproducing the methods and translation into clinical practice.

Conclusions: In addition, we identified that more than a third of the articles used the same publicly available BRaTS and TCIA datasets and are responsible for the majority of patient data on which ML algorithms were trained, which leads to limited generalizability and potential for overfitting and bias.

Keywords: artificial intelligence; glioma; machine learning; segmentation.

Publication types

  • Review