Comparison of the effectiveness and safety of robotic-assisted and laparoscopic in adrenalectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Int J Surg. 2022 Sep;105:106853. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2022.106853. Epub 2022 Sep 6.


Objective: To compare the safety and effectiveness of robot-assisted adrenalectomy (RA) and laparoscopic adrenalectomy (LA).

Methods: We performed a systematic review and cumulative meta-analysis of the primary outcomes of interest according to the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) and AMSTAR (Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews) Guidelines. Five databases, including Medline, PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, and Web of Science, were systematically searched. The search timeframe was set from the creation of the database to December 2021.

Results: There were 26 studies including 2985 patients. Our study found that the robotic technique was superior to conventional laparoscopy for estimated blood loss (WMD = -18.25, 95% CI [-27.85, -8.65], P < 0.01), length of stay (WMD = -0.45, 95% CI [-0.57, -0.33], P < 0.01), and conversion to open (OR = 0.31, 95% CI [0.12, 0.78], P = 0.01), while complications and readmissions were comparable. Interestingly, there was no difference in operative time between the two surgical modalities, but subgroup analysis found that the retroperitoneal route robotic technique took longer (WMD = 14.64, 95% CI [0.04, 29.24], P < 0.05), whereas the study of the mixed surgical modality (RA versus LA with mixed transabdominal and retroperitoneal surgical routes) found that the robot required less time (WMD = -12.29, 95% CI [-22.86, -1.72], P < 0.05). For pheochromocytoma, RA was superior to LA in terms of length of stay (WMD = -0.49, 95% CI [-0.83, -0.15], P < 0.01), with no difference in other indicators.

Conclusion: robotic-assisted adrenalectomy is a superior technique to conventional laparoscopy in managing adrenal tumors, even in the case of a specific adrenal tumor - pheochromocytoma.

Keywords: Adrenal tumour; Laparoscopic adrenalectomy; Robot-assisted adrenalectomy.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adrenal Gland Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Adrenalectomy / adverse effects
  • Adrenalectomy / methods
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy* / adverse effects
  • Laparoscopy* / methods
  • Length of Stay
  • Operative Time
  • Pheochromocytoma* / surgery
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures* / adverse effects
  • Robotic Surgical Procedures* / methods
  • Treatment Outcome