Interaction of etoposide and cisplatin in an in vitro tumor model

Cancer Treat Rep. Jul-Aug 1987;71(7-8):673-9.

Abstract

Some clinical data suggest that etoposide and cisplatin may be synergistic against certain types of tumors. Since studies of the process are both easier and more precise in laboratory systems, we have used V79 spheroids as a model to quantify the interaction of the drugs in cycling and noncycling, aerobic, and hypoxic cell subpopulations. The degree of interaction between etoposide and cisplatin in this system, quantified using the median-effect analysis, was highly dependent on the overall treatment toxicity, and to a lesser extent, the subpopulation of cells assessed. Synergism was demonstrated for relatively modest (1 decade) cell kills achievable at clinically relevant drug doses; increasing the toxicity of the combination treatment by increasing the cisplatin level produced a greater relative gain in the noncycling and hypoxic cells than in the aerobic, cycling cells of the spheroids.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Cisplatin / pharmacology*
  • Cricetinae
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Synergism
  • Etoposide / pharmacology*
  • Flow Cytometry
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Models, Biological

Substances

  • Etoposide
  • Cisplatin