Novel SrO-Containing Glass-Ceramic Sealants for Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cells (SOEC): Their Design and Characterization under Relevant Conditions

Materials (Basel). 2022 Aug 23;15(17):5805. doi: 10.3390/ma15175805.


This study presents results on the development of strontium oxide (SrO) containing glass sealants used to join Crofer22APU to yttria-stabilized zirconia (3YSZ), in which the main glass components, that is, silicon oxide (SiO2), strontium oxide (SrO), calcium oxide (CaO) and aluminum oxide (Al2O3), have been varied appropriately. Certain properties, such as the crystallization behavior, the coefficient of thermal expansion, adhesion, and reactivity of the sealants in contact with Crofer22APU, have been reviewed and discussed. The optimized glass composition (with CTE in the 9.8-10.3 × 10-6 K-1 range) results in a good joining behavior by hindering the formation of undesirable strontium chromate (SrCrO4) on contact with the Crofer22APU steel after 1000 h. at 850 °C. High specific resistivity values of about 106 have been obtained, thus demonstrating good insulating properties at 850 °C under an applied voltage of 1.6 V. A negligible degradation in the electrical resistivity trend was measured during the test up to 1000 h, thus excluding the presence of detrimental reactions of the glass-ceramic sealant in contact with Crofer22APU under a dual atmosphere, as confirmed using SEM-EDS post-mortem analyses.

Keywords: SOEC; glass-ceramic; sealants; sintering.