Proximal femoral deformity correction and total hip arthroplasty in a dog using 3D printed custom guides

Vet Surg. 2023 Jan;52(1):168-175. doi: 10.1111/vsu.13876. Epub 2022 Sep 9.


Objective: To report the successful correction of a proximal femoral deformity (PFD) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) in a dog with the use of three-dimensionally (3D) printed custom surgical guides (CSGs).

Study design: Case report.

Animals: One-year-old, male neutered, Goldendoodle.

Methods: Uniapical proximal varus and recurvatum femoral deformity (PFD) precluded femoral stem placement for THA, which was indicated for severe hip dysplasia. Using CT-derived bone and implant models, custom ostectomy and reduction guides for deformity correction were designed. A 13-hole 3.5 mm locking compression plate was contoured and applied to 3D printed models of the corrected femur and screw trajectory holes were incorporated into the CSGs.

Results: A caudolateral closing wedge ostectomy of the proximal femur was achieved with the aid of the CSGs and precontoured plate to within 2° of varus and 1° of recurvatum of the virtual surgical plan. Placement of a press-fit femoral stem was achieved with 7° of varus and 9° of caudal angulation. The plate was secured using six locking screws, two cortical screws, and two 18-gauge double-loop cerclage wires. No lameness and normal range of motion of the hip were observed on clinical examination 3 months after surgery. Radiographs at 3 and 6 months revealed static implant positioning, and complete bony union at the ostectomy site.

Conclusion: Virtual surgical planning and CSGs led to successful concurrent THA and femoral deformity correction.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip* / veterinary
  • Bone Screws / veterinary
  • Bone Wires
  • Dogs
  • Femur / surgery
  • Male
  • Printing, Three-Dimensional