Aims: Following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), recruitment and activation of monocytes [classical (CD14++CD16-CCR2++), intermediate (CD14++CD16+CCR2+), non-classical (CD14LowCD16++CCR2Low)] are needed for myocardial wound healing. Monocyte surface receptor CC chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) is responsible for monocyte chemotaxis to sites of inflammation and the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-binding protein co-receptor, CD14, is involved in pro-inflammatory monocyte activation. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of ex-vivo LPS activation on monocyte subset CD14 and CCR2 expression in post-STEMI individuals with normal and elevated random blood glucose.
Methods: Post-STEMI subjects were identified as normal random glucose (NG, <98 mg/dL, n = 13) or impaired random glucose (IG, ≥98 mg/dL, n = 26) and monocytes were analyzed for non-activated and LPS-activated (1 µg/mL for 4 h) CCR2 and CD14 expression.
Results: Non-activated intermediate monocytes from IG showed decreased CD14 expression when compared to NG, which was maintained following LPS-activation. The NG group showed a larger absolute reduction in classical CCR2 expression, leading to a significant difference between NG and IG following LPS-activation.
Conclusion: Results suggest a heightened response to pro-inflammatory activation in IG following STEMI, which may impair or delay post-STEMI myocardial healing, and thus increase the incidence of chronic heart failure. NIH 1R34HL121402.
Keywords: CCR2; CD14; CHF; Glucose; Inflammation; LPS; Monocyte; STEMI.
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