Alanyl-tRNA Synthetase 1 Gene Variants in Hereditary Neuropathy: Genotype and Phenotype Overview

Neurol Genet. 2022 Sep 5;8(5):e200019. doi: 10.1212/NXG.0000000000200019. eCollection 2022 Oct.


Background and objectives: Our objective was to report 2 novel variants and to reclassify previously reported alanyl-tRNA synthetase 1 (AARS1) variants associated with hereditary neuropathy and to summarize the clinical features of a previously published cohort of patients.

Methods: We performed detailed neurologic and electrophysiologic assessments and segregation analysis of 2 unrelated families with Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease with novel variants in the AARS1 gene. Via literature search, we found studies that included neuropathy cases with AARS1 variants; we then reviewed and reclassified these variants.

Results: We identified 2 CMT families harboring previously unreported likely pathogenic AARS1 variants: c.1823C>A p.(Thr608Lys) and c.1815C>G p.(His605Gln). In addition, we reinterpreted a total of 35 different AARS1 variants reported in cases with neuropathy from the literature: 9 variants fulfilled the current criteria for being (likely) pathogenic. We compiled and summarized standardized clinical and genotypic information for 90 affected individuals from 32 families with (likely) pathogenic AARS1 variants. Most experienced motor weakness and sensory loss in the lower limbs.

Discussion: In total, 11 AARS1 variants can currently be classified as pathogenic or likely pathogenic and are associated with sensorimotor axonal or intermediate, slowly progressive polyneuropathy with common asymmetry and variable age of symptom onset with no apparent involvement of other organ systems.