Combination of ligand and structure based virtual screening approaches for the discovery of potential PARP1 inhibitors

PLoS One. 2022 Sep 12;17(9):e0272065. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0272065. eCollection 2022.

Abstract

Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) has high therapeutic value as biomolecular target for research and development of small molecules with antineoplastic activity, since it is upregulated in many cancers, especially in ovarian and BRCA 1/2 mutated breast cancers. Decades of investigation of PARP inhibitors (PARPi) have led to the approval of several drug compounds, however clinical application of PARPi in cancer therapy is limited due to a number of factors, including low selectivity, weak affinity and undesired side effects. Thus, identification of novel drug-like chemical compounds with alternatives to the known PARPi chemical scaffolds, binding modes and interaction patterns with amino acid residues in the active site is of high therapeutic importance. In this study we applied a combination of ligand- and structure-based virtual screening approaches with the goal of identification of novel potential PARPi.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms* / drug therapy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ligands
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors* / pharmacology
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors* / therapeutic use
  • Research

Substances

  • Ligands
  • Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors
  • PARP1 protein, human
  • Poly (ADP-Ribose) Polymerase-1

Supplementary concepts

  • Breast Cancer, Familial

Grant support

The authors extend their appreciation to the Deanship of Scientific Research at Jouf University for funding this work through research grant No (DSR-2021-01-0105).